The fossils of an antecedently unknown titanosaur are found in Ecuador. The medium to small-sized dinosaur lived eighty-five million years agone, throughout the higher Cretaceous period. Its remains were discovered within the southern finish of the country within the Loja province. it’s the primary time archosaur fossils are known in Ecuador and also the north example of its sauropod subfamily found up to now. must read: The Megalithic Culture of the Orkney Isles’
Discovering a new titanosaur
The fossils of the titanosaur, known as Yamanasaurus lojaensis, are the primary of their kind and were discovered by a farmer in rocks of the city Playas Formation within the Yamana parish. in step with a report in El Universo, the fossils were passed on till they eventually became state property.
In August 2018, Argentinian fossilist Sebastián Apesteguía of the University Maimonides was known as in by professors John Soto, José Tamayo, and Galo Guamán at the Technical University of Loja (UTPL) to give a conference and supply an expert’s opinion on the fossils. Apesteguía told El Universo that he was asked to verify if the fossils came from a dinosaur and if he may tell the professors something regarding the long-extinct creature. He may and did.
“It was a shock” Apesteguía aforementioned “the material they showed Pine Tree State was unbelievable as a result of it’s clearly the last 2 sacral vertebrae of a titanosaurian. Later my colleague Pablo gallina and that i was ready to establish specifically what reasonably titanosaurian, however at that moment there was little question in my mind that it had been a medium to tiny-sized archosaur.”
A paper on the invention in Cretaceous analysis states that altogether the Yamanasaurus lojaensis fossils embody “a partial bone, a partial mid-caudal vertebra, and several other associated limb bones” and also the “Morphology, size, and age counsel that Yamanasaurus is closely involving Neuquensaurus, being the north known out and away.”
What Did the dinosaur Look Like?
Technical processes were then allotted in Loja and analyses of the leads to Buenos Aires. once the vertebrae were examined, the specialists were ready to build a very helpful realize – not the presence of chambers, that area unit a lot of unremarkably found in an exceedingly saltasaurus titanosaur (a titanosaurid sauropod from the Late Cretaceous period with fossils found in Argentina), however a texture that was a lot of sponge-like. this suggests that the animal was a lot of like a Neuquensaurus australis (a genus of saltasaurid sauropod that’s from constant amount, however, has left fossils in each Argentina and Uruguay). read: All About Petroglyphs Provincial Park (Canada’s Rock Carvings)
And with this data in hand, Apesteguía told El Universo that the image of what the archosaur appeared like became clear:
“The comparison of the vertebrae, particularly the caudal [tail] vertebrae of the Neuquensaurus, to the Patagonian saltasaurus, they need precisely the same kind and size. meaning the animal is a dead ringer for Neuquensaurus, together with the interior structure of the bones. So, it wasn’t necessary to invent a lot. It’s just about placing the components we’ve got of the Yamanasaurus on the skeleton of a Neuquensaurus. It’s very rather easy. they’re much identical.” read: A Large Black Sarcophagus in Alexandria
The researchers believe that the titanosaurian was an animal that possible Ate from smaller trees. however, what will Apesteguía mean once he says that Yamanasaurus lojaensis could be a medium to a smaller-sized dinosaur? during this case, it refers to a creature that measured approximated six meters (19.69 ft.) long, was robust, and had a protecting shell, in step with El Comercio. Its skin was conjointly most likely coated with small bones to produce more protection from predators. The reconstruction of Ecuador’s initial legendary dinosaur was created by Argentinian paleoartist Jorge González.
There could also be a lot of to seek out
Apart from being Ecuador’s initial legendary example of dinosaur fossils, the importance of this discovery contains a wider reach. Apesteguía told El Universo that they realize provides another detail on the information of dinosaurs that lived within the region, “It’s the primary in Ecuador and scientifically it’s the foremost northern, most boreal, example of a saltasaur that we’ve got found. Until now, the foremost northern was within the north of Argentina. however, suddenly there’s a jump and that we realize a constant form of an animal from a constant time period in Ecuador.” Must read: The Mzora Stone Circle (Real History)
Experts are aware that the lucky discovery of the titanosaurian fossils might mean there are a lot of to seek out within the space, thus they’re already coming up with for a quest, in step with El Universo. however, there are terribly real concerns that if the correct authorities don’t act quickly they will lose bent others finding fossils and selling them on the black market before the specialists even begin their search.