Sacred-Cenotes

Portal to the Maya Underworld via Sacred Cenote

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Trendingcips.comThe ancient Maya who populated the Yucatan within the first millennium AD believed that there have been 3 ways for the living to enter Xibalba, the planet of the dead: through deep caves, through competition within the Maya ball game, and thru the sacred cenote (sinkholes).

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It had been the cenotes that were most vital to the traditional Maya religion, for through these underground caverns came life also as death.

So…What is the post water of the cenotes?

This is the post sacred cenote and Yucatan.

The post given below will guide you to learn all about portals to the Maya underworld via Cenotes.

 

The Importance of the Cenotes

The Yucatan has no natural above-ground rivers and few lakes. It does, however, have a huge network of subterranean caves connected by underground streams and rivers.

Many of those caverns are believed to possess been formed by meteor strikes related to the huge meteor that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs during the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event.

Much of the Peninsula is formed from limestone, which over time erodes and causes the bottom to collapse into the water-filled cave below.

These are sinkholes or cenotes and it’s this source of groundwater that enabled the people of the Yucatan to flourish into the good Maya civilization.

water-of-the-cenotes

the water of the cenotes

 

Why are Cenotes Sacred to the Maya?

The ancient Maya weren’t unaware of the vital significance the cenotes played in their survival.

The sinkholes thus became places of worship. Indeed, it’s been recently discovered that Chichen Itza, the famous Maya pyramid temple, was built upon a huge cenote.

They believed that Kukulkan, the Maya feathered serpent deity, grew up within the underworld cave until finally, he became so big that he broke through the surface of the world with a mighty earthquake and flew to the sun.

To honor Kukulkan, the Maya built the architecturally astounding Pyramid of Kukulkan (called El Castillo by the Spanish conquistadors).

The pyramid was built to align with the Maya calendar, a feat that reflects advanced knowledge of mathematics and astrology.

Twice a year, the sun shines well on the temple in order that the steps form the shadow an enormous snake. this is”>this is often Kukulkan who can be seen, over the course of roughly 45 minutes, descending from the heavens, down the bisecting staircase, and into the world below. There he will rejoin his brethren in Xibalba.

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The-Pyramid-of-Kukulkan

The Pyramid of Kukulkan

 

Lords of the Maya Underworld

The Maya believed that the royal court of Xibalba hosted 12 deities, the Lords of Xibalba. the top of the pantheon is Hun-Came (“One Death”) followed by Vucub-Came (“Seven Death). The remaining ten Lords are demons that each rule over a specific sort of human suffering.

According to the Maya mythos, these demons often worked together in pairs. There was Xiquiripat (“Flying Scab”) and Cuchumaquic (“Gathered Blood”) who worked to poison people’s blood. There was Ahalpuh (“Pus Demon”) and Ahalgana (“Jaundice Demon”) who made bodies swell and decay.

There was Chamiabac (“Bone Staff”) and Chamiaholom (“Skull Staff”), who slowly stripped the flesh from the dead to show them into skeletons. There was Ahalmez (“Sweepings Demon”) and Ahaltocob (“Stabbing Demon”), who was believed to cover within the unswept areas of a person’s home and stab them to death. and eventually, there was Xic (“Wing”) and Patan (“Backstrap”), who made people cough up blood and suffer while walking on a road.

In addition to the 12 Lords of Xibalba, there have been numerous residents there who fallen under the dominion of a Lord and sometimes were obliged to return to the surface of the world to assist the Lords to perform their trickery and suffering.

Vessel-depicting

Vessel depicting deities within the court of Xibalba

Needless to mention, with such a well-formulated pantheon of demons, the Maya were very concerned with appeasing the inhabitants of Xibalba. The temple of the Chichen Itza is believed to possess been a way to facilitate sacrificial offerings to the gods, including human sacrifices.

When the cenote beneath the Pyramid of Kukulkan was dredged, an entire manner of objects was found, including wooden objects (preserved by the water), tools, and idols, also as an oversized selection of jewelry and precious metals like gold, silver, copper, and most of all, jade.

Tons of the objects appear to possess been intentionally broken before being thrown into the cenote below, perhaps suggesting a ‘killing’ of the item that was to be sacrificed to the gods of death.

Excavations have also revealed many human bones that show wounds indicating human sacrifice. The corpses are of men, women, and kids, with many of the younger victims being male.

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The-Sacred-Cenote-at-Chichen-Itza

The Sacred Cenote at Chichen Itza

One popular theory on why the Maya civilization collapsed is that a long-lasting drought afflicted the Yucatan Peninsula. This might have led to an uptick within the number and value of sacrifices as citizens desperately begged the gods to revive their life-giving groundwater.

 

The Growing Cenote Could Cause the Pyramid of Kukulkan to Collapse

New studies reveal that the cenote may, in fact, be growing in size as its limestone walls slowly disintegrate. Archaeologists worry that the Pyramid of Kukulkan could collapse into the cavern below if the limestone floor it’s built upon weakens further. Currently, that crucial platform is merely 16 feet (5m) thick.

“Such structures change over time because the water washed off the walls and therefore the cavity could also be increasing,” said Dr. Rene Chavez Segura, a geologist with the National Autonomous University of Mexico, noting the running water of the underground cenote network and therefore the high humidity within the cavern. “At some point, if the thickness of the rock below the pyramid is thinned, there might be a problem of stability and El Castillo will collapse.” However, Dr. Segura adds that this is often unlikely to happen anytime soon.

Cenote-Dzitnup-near-Valladolid

Cenote Dzitup near Valladoid, Mexico

The post on how to enter Maya underworld.

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