Trendingcips.com – Tamgaly in Kazakhstan, now a UNESCO World Heritage site, provides evidence of the rich history and diverse cultural heritage of Central Asia. the realm has been traversed by countless nomadic societies who made their home on its steppe for millennia. Must read: 6 Photos of Iranian & Indian Zoroastrian Silent Towers that Makes You Shock
Approximately 5000 rock carvings that date back the Bronze Age to the 20 th century are found, alongside sanctuaries and burial mounds, which have offered a unique insight into ancient nomad civilizations.
The History of the Tamgaly Petroglyphs
The black flint outcrops found within the valley of Tamgaly (or Tanbaly) are ideal for carving.
Surrounded by the vast, arid Chu-Ili mountains, the valley provides shelter, springs, and rich vegetation in an otherwise desolate steppe, which made it popular the nomads who visited the realm from a minimum of the Late Bronze Age (1500 BC).
Among those that traveled across vast areas of Eurasia and viewed the valley as sacred were the Scythians and Sarmatians.
From an exceedingly early date, the valley appears to possess been a sacred site as over 48 sanctuaries and burial grounds are found. supported the existence of kurgans, or burial mounds, members of the elite chose to be buried there.
Numerous ancient tombs include stone enclosures with boxes and cists that date to the center and late Bronze Age. The kurgans, constructed of stone and earth, date to the early Iron Age. one among the kurgans discovered has been linked to the Saka people, a nomad confederation who dominated vast areas of Central Asia and parts of India within the 1st century BC. just like the Scythians, the Saka were ultimately derived from the sooner Andronovo culture.
Saka artifacts found within the tombs of Tillya Tepe and a diagram of their use on the person and woman found in these tombs ( PHGCOM / CC BY-SA 3.0)
The central canyon contains the densest concentration of engravings and what are believed to be altars, possibly used for sacrificial offerings. Why the valley was sacred is unknown because the people that inhabited or visited the valley came from an oral culture.
Tamgaly means ‘marked place’ within the local Kazakh language and lots of tribal ceremonies were likely held within the valley, where shamans would enter trances to commune with the mythical place.
By the 11th century, most of Central Asia was Muslim and therefore the Turkish tribes who dominated the steppe had converted to Islam. The valley remained fashionable nomads, who retouched a number of the rock art and added their own. Many of them carved their names on the rocks.
Apart from the local population, the location was about forgotten by the surface world until the late twentieth century when archaeologists began to look at the rock art and remain. Today the petroglyphs and historic sites are a part of an archaeological park and a Kazakhstan heritage site.
The Tamgaly Petroglyphs Kazakhstan
Tamgaly is probably the foremost impression of the 1500 similar sites found in Kazakhstan. the various outcrops and escarpments are full of imagery and every one set during a stunning landscape.
The ancients Petroglyphs in Tamgaly in Kazakhstan ( coob.kz / Adobe Stock)
The images include scenes of hunting, and falconry, providing insight into the lives of nomadic hunters and ancient pastoralists because the animals drawn include sheep, camels, sheep, cows, and horses.
Animals were also thought to represent their gods and therefore the ox represented power. Symbols thought to represent the varied tribes have also been found.
Carved onto almost vertical rock faces, petroglyphs also recount the religious life of ancient people, their shamans, also as rituals and dancing. A series of remarkable images of individuals with sun-shaped heads are thought to depict sun gods.
One a part of Tamgaly is understood because the Sun Temple by local people, and it’s set between high canyon walls. For quite 3000 years, the nomads depicted what they held most precious and sometimes transformed previous images to reflect the changing cultures and new ideas.
Image of a person with a sun-shaped head, petroglyph of Tamgaly ( victor21041958 / Adobe Stock)
Unfortunately, a number of rock art has been damaged by visitors, and therefore the vibrations caused by Soviet tanks used during training have also taken its toll.
Visiting Tamgaly in Kazakhstan
The Tamgaly Gorge is 100 miles (160km) to the north-west of Almaty, the capital of Kazakhstan. there’s no conveyance to the realm, but day trips are organized to the location where signs and a system of arrows guide visitors around.
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Tamgaly, shouldn’t be confused with Tamgaly Tas, a location in Kazakhstan famous for its Buddhist rock art.