ggantija temples

The Ġgantija Temples of Gozo: A Mysterious Megalithic Complex + Photo


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Archaeological finds The Ġgantija temples, Ġgantija temples of the megalithic complex in Xaghra, Gozo, are one in every of the foremost necessary and mysterious archaeological sites within the world.

Where is the Malta location? can I visit Gozo? Gozo is one in every of 3 Maltese islands; Malta, Gozo, and Comino settled simply ninety kilometers (55.92 miles) south of Sicily, smack within the middle of the Mediterranean. the 2 main islands of Malta and Gozo are served by an hourly ferry service. Comino is that the smallest of the 3 and is primarily a traveler destination illustrious for its Blue Grotto.

Ġgantija is settled on a plateau, placed on the outskirts of the city of Xaghra. several tourists flock to the city for his or her weekly open market and exquisite church, wholly unaware of the glorious historic site that lies simply round the corner.

So…What are the post oldest temple in the world? where is Malta island? where is Malta temples

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The post archaeological sites given below will guide you to learn megalithic temples of Malta and things to do in Gozo.

Investigating the Ġgantija Temples

The oldest building in the world, Scientific investigations administered relatively recently have evidenced that these temples are standing here for over 6000 years. proof remaining shows that originally the temples had roofs that were plastered and painted. the precise purpose that they were built is still a mystery – though there’s very little doubt that they were places of worship.

Ġgantija consists of 2 separate temples: The South Temple (3600 BC) and therefore the North Temple (3000 BC). The temples were excavated in 1826, tho’ scientific excavation didn’t start until around the late 1920’s.


The huge dimensions of the megaliths have sparked the imagination of all who see them. it’s prompt that the big structures were erected throughout the period, (c. 3600-2500 BC). this might create them over 6000 years recent, a number of the world’s oldest free-standing structures, and after all a number of the world’s oldest nonsecular structures, pre-dating the Pyramids of Egypt. (The recent Kingdom is most typically considered spanning the amount once Egypt was dominated by the Third Dynasty through to the Sixth dynasty (2575 BC–2134 BC).)

This timeline additionally places the Ġgantija temples to regarding a similar time as Stonehenge. Stonehenge may be a Neolithic and Bronze Age monument placed close to Amesbury in Wiltshire, England, regarding eight miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury. I actually have visited Stonehenge many times since i used to be stationed near throughout my British Airforce service in the early 50’s. it’s composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of huge standing stones, additionally called megaliths. there’s some dialogue regarding the age of the stone circle, however, most archaeologists think that it had been principally created between 2500 B.C. and 2000 B.C. The older circular earth bank and ditch that constitute the earliest part of the monument are dated to regarding 3100 B.C..

To this day, locals believe that the Islands’ temples, especially those of Ġgantija, were the work of giants! Its name, Ġgantija, is Maltese for “belonging to the giant”, testifying to this ancient legend.


Signs of an earth mother goddess Cult

It is believed the temples were presumably the positioning of an earth mother goddess Fertility Cult. various figurines and statues are found on-the-scene that are believed to be connected with that cult.

A mother goddess may be a goddess, typically delineate because the earth-goddess, who is a general fertility immortal, the bountiful embodiment of the planet. As such, not all goddesses ought to be viewed as manifestations of the mother goddess. She ranges in Western traditions from the elegant snake-offering immortal figures of Knossos to the rock-cut pictures of Dindymene, to Dione (“the Goddess”) who was invoked at Dodona at the side of Zeus till late Classical times.


Life within the Neolithic Age

Neolithic peoples were farmers and makers of tools necessary for gather crops and food production. They were competent producers of a large variety of stone tools and ornaments. Neolithic peoples in Central Asia were additionally skillful builders, utilizing mud-brick to construct homes and villages. In Europe, homes from wattle and daub were created.

Unique tombs were a significant a part of their culture. These tombs are significantly various in Malta, wherever their are several a whole lot still existing. Neolithic folks in the UK built long barrows and chamber tombs for their dearly departed.

They were competent at finding ways that of keeping food for future months and exploitation substances like salt as preservatives. With few exceptions, the Neolithic Americans and their Pacific cousins remained at a similar level of technology up till they created European contact.

Early Neolithic farming was restricted to a number of crops and therefore the raising of sheep and goats. Around 7000 B.C., cows and pigs were additional, and therefore the institution of permanent or semi-permanent settlements and therefore the use of pottery also are indicated.

Example of a Neolithic stone or grinder for process grain. (José-Manuel Benito/CC reserves two.5)

Example of a Neolithic stone or grinder for process grain. (José-Manuel Benito/CC reserves two.5)

The earliest farming societies within the near east didn’t use pottery, and in the nice UK it remains unsure to what extent plants were domesticated within the earliest Neolithic, or perhaps whether permanently settled societies existed. In alternative elements of the globe, like Malta, North Africa, India, and Southeast Asia, Neolithic cultures seem to possess arisen utterly independent of these developing in Europe and Southwest Asia.

Not all of their cultural components – like permanent villages, the farming of domestic crops, agriculture, and pottery seem in the same order.

The architecture of the megalithic complex

The temples were cloverleaf-shaped and designed up with stones and stuffed in with rubble. Most were created within the type of semi-circular apses. These were connected with a hall within the center. anthropology research has deduced that the apses were originally lined by masonry domes.

It is price noting that no metal tools were on the market to the natives of the Maltese islands at the time and therefore the wheel had not however been introduced. tiny spherical stones in an exceedingly big selection of sizes are found at the megalithic complex and lots of believing that these were used as rollers to move the large stone blocks used for the temples’ construction, but this is often a degree wherever I dissent greatly from my colleagues.

Stone spheres found at Ġgantija. (Kritzolina/CC BY a 4.0)

The Ġgantija megalithic complex is enclosed by a huge common boundary wall, one in every of the foremost putting options of the entire complex. it had been designed exploitation the alternating header and stretcher technique, with a number of the large megaliths prodigious 5 meters (16.40 ft.) long and advisement over fifty tons.


The southern temple is far older and a lot of in-depth than its sister site. it’s believed that the structure dates back to or so 3600 BC. This temple, like several alternative megalithic sites in Malta, faces southeast. At the entrance, there’s an oversized stone block with a recess. Archaeologists have surmised that this was used as a station for purification before coming into the complex.

Each temple contains 5 apses connected by a central passageway resulting in the innermost trefoil section. The apses contain many altars and proof of animal bones, that suggests the positioning was used for animal sacrifice. pictures engraved into the stone of goats, sheep, and pigs of each provide the U.S.A. a touch on that animals were used by the sacrificial cult.

The temples are designed with rough, coralline rock blocks. The older temple is larger and contains a spread of options like altars, relief carvings, and libation holes. The second temple was designed abundant later and is empty such options. Another fascinating component is that the corbelling technique used on the inside inclined walls, proof that at just the once that the temple was roofed.

Malta is, during this traveler’s expertise, one in every of the foremost fascinating countries within the world, and at the side of Egypt and China it’s a ‘must see’ destination for anyone’s bucket list! while a one-day cruise stops to permit a sneak peek into the wonderful architecture, the house to numerous cultures over the world’s evolving history create exploring the sites and build gozo an amazing expertise deserving a way longer visit.

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